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Facts About Clubfoot

  • Clubfoot has been recognized since the time of the ancient Egyptians, and the condition was independently described by Hippocrates and the Aztecs.
  • Despite knowing about the condition for many centuries, it is still considered idiopathic, which means that its cause is unknown. (The likely factors that contribute to its development are discussed in 'Causes of Clubfoot.')
  • The incidence of the condition varies with race, sex, and family history.
  • Boys are twice as likely to get the disease as girls.
  • The incidence among Caucasians is around 1 per 1,000 live births.
  • The incidence among children in Japan is 0.5 per 1,000 live births.
  • The incidence among natives of the South Pacific is nearly 7 per 1,000 live births.
  • The incidence for children who have a sibling with clubfoot is approximately 3 percent.
  • The incidence for children who have one parent who had clubfoot is 3 to 4 percent; if both parents had it, the incidence is 15 percent.
  • Children born with clubfoot have a higher-than-normal incidence (around 14 percent) of other genetic conditions, including Edwards Syndrome, Larsen's Syndrome, spina bifida, neural tube defects, and congenital heart defects.
  • Approximately 40 percent of children with clubfoot will have the abnormality in both feet.
  • Clubfoot is generally completely painless.

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